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Труды по прикладной ботанике, генетике и селекции

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Биоактивные пептиды и антипитательные вещества нута: характеристика и свойства (обзор)

https://doi.org/10.30901/2227-8834-2022-1-214-223

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Аннотация

Бобовые культуры – богатый источник клетчатки, белков, витаминов и минералов. Нут (Cicer arietinum L.) – третье по мировой значимости бобовое растение, обладающее высокой питательной ценностью и содержащее множество биологически активных соединений, включая биологически активные пептиды. Биоактивные пептиды семян нута обладают антиоксидантной, АПФ-ингибирующей, гипохолестеринемической, антигипертензивной, противомикробной, антитромботической, иммуномодулирующей, опиоидной активностями, а также способностью связывать минералы. Но несмотря на высокие питательные свойства, семена нута обладают антипитательными факторами, замедляющими переваривание и всасывание многих компонентов пищи. Исследования показали, что кулинарная обработка, предварительное проращивание или ферментация эффективно снижают содержание неусвояемых компонентов в нуте.
В данной статье представлен обзор исследований, направленных на изучение биологически активных пептидов, полученных из семян нута, и путей их образования, а также способов элиминации антипитательных факторов нута.

Об авторах

М. Ахангаран
Московский государственный университет пищевых производств
Россия

Махбубех Ахангаран, аспирант

125080, Москва, Волоколамское шоссе, 11



Д. А. Афанасьев
Федеральный научный центр пищевых систем им. В.М. Горбатова Российской академии наук
Россия

Дмитрий Алексеевич Афанасьев, аспирант

109316, Москва, ул. Талалихина, 26



И. М. Чернуха
Федеральный научный центр пищевых систем им. В.М. Горбатова Российской академии наук
Россия

Ирина Михайловна Чернуха, доктор технических наук, академик РАН, главный научный сотрудник, профессор

109316, Москва, ул. Талалихина, 26



Н. Г. Машенцева
Московский государственный университет пищевых производств
Россия

Наталья Геннадьевна Машенцева, доктор технических наук, профессор РАН, профессор

125080, Москва, Волоколамское шоссе, 11



М. Гаравири
Московский государственный университет пищевых производств
Россия

Махмуд Гаравири, аспирант

125080, Москва, Волоколамское шоссе, 11



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Рецензия

Для цитирования:


Ахангаран М., Афанасьев Д.А., Чернуха И.М., Машенцева Н.Г., Гаравири М. Биоактивные пептиды и антипитательные вещества нута: характеристика и свойства (обзор). Труды по прикладной ботанике, генетике и селекции. 2022;183(1):214-223. https://doi.org/10.30901/2227-8834-2022-1-214-223

For citation:


Ahangaran M., Afanasev D.A., Chernukha I.M., Mashentseva N.G., Gharaviri M. Bioactive peptides and antinutrients in chickpea: description and properties (a review). Proceedings on applied botany, genetics and breeding. 2022;183(1):214-223. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.30901/2227-8834-2022-1-214-223

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ISSN 2227-8834 (Print)
ISSN 2619-0982 (Online)